As I learn more this page will be updated (and hopefully improved!)


The goal of this post is to keep me from googling pandas questions that I’ve forgotten. I don’t know how many times I’ve looked at the results and seen five or more StackOverflow links that have clearly already been clicked on; I feel like Sisyphus when this happens! So, here is what I’m currently committing to memory:


### Make matplotlib.pyplot look better with no effort:
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
plt.style.use('ggplot')
%matplotlib inline


### Delete column
del df['colName']


### Rename columns
df.columns = ['col1', 'col2', 'col3'] # this does not reindex columns

### Combine columns
df['newCol'] = df['col1'].map(str) + data['col2'] + data['col3'].astype('str')

### Copy column
df['newCol'] = df['oldCol'] # where newCol is the copy


### Reindex columns
cols = ['col1', 'col2', 'col3', 'col4'] # list of how you'd like it
df = df.reindex(columns=cols)


### Find out how many NaN values you have in a column
df['colName'].isnull().sum()


### Show unique values
df[df['colName'].unique()]

### Create a frequency column from another column
df['freq'] = df.groupby('colName')['colName'].transform('count')

### Delete row
df = df.drop(2)  # where two is the df's index
df = df.drop('rowName')  # if you reindexed


### Remove characters before a specific character
df['colName'] = df['colName'].apply(lambda x: x.split('-')[-1]) # char = -


### Remove characters after a specific character
df['colName'] = df['colName'].apply(lambda x: x.split('-')[0]) # char = -


### Remove characters, e.g., commas from data
df['colName'] = df['colName'].str.replace(',', '')


### Convert datatypes, e.g., object to float
df[['col4', 'col5', 'col10']] = df[['col4', 'col5', col10]].astype(float)


### Convert string date to datetime64
df['strDate'] = pd.to_datetime(df['strDate'])


### Filter datetime64 column values
import datetime
df[df['colName'] >= datetime.date(2015, 1, 1)]


### Convert NaN values to zeros (or anything else)
df = df.fillna(0) # remember that this returns a new object!


### Replace string values with numeric representations
dictionary = {'value1': 1, 'value2': 2, 'Value3': 3}
df = df.replace({'colName': dictionary})


### Replace multiple cells of a column only with a different string
df.loc[df['colName'].str.contains('word'), df['colName']] = "Different Word" # or
df.loc[df['colA'].str.contains('word'), ['colB']] = 5 # to change a cell in a different column


### Project data based on a value range from a column
df[df.colWithNumbers <= 360] # shows me values less than or equal to 360
df[df['colWithStrings'].str.contains("word")] # shows me values with 'word' in them


### Project data based on two values (use and or pipe symbol to denote relationship)
df[(df['colWithString'].str.contains("word")) & (df.colWithNumber <= 5)] # and
df[(df['colWithString'].str.contains("firstWord")) | (df['colWithString'].str.contains("secondWord"))] # or


### Groupby as variable
groupedby = df.groupby(df.colName) # or:
groupedby = df.groupby(df.colName).add_suffix('/Mean') # add column suffixes


### Use groupedby variable and find the mean for your values
groupedbyMean = groupedby.mean()